Associate Professor in Mathematics
Ph.D., University of Rouen, France, 2005
Education and Research Positions
|2013 - ||Associate Professor in Mathematics at the School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences and Honors Faculty at Arizona State University, USA.|
|2007 - 2013||Assistant Professor in Mathematics at the School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences and Honors Faculty at Arizona State University, USA.|
|2005 - 2007||Research Associate in Mathematics under the supervision of Claudia Neuhauser at the Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior of the University of Minnesota, USA. |
|2002 - 2005||Ph.D. in Mathematics under the supervision of Claudio Landim and Teaching Assistant at the University of Rouen, France.|
|2001 - 2002||Diploma of Advanced Studies (2nd year of Master's Degree) analysis and stochastic models, Magna Cum Laude, University of Rouen, France.|
|2001 ||Agregation de Mathematiques (nationwide competition).|
|1999 - 2000||Maitrise in Mathematics (1st year of Master's Degree), Magna Cum Laude, University of Rouen, France.|
|1998 - 1999||Licence in Mathematics (3rd year of Bachelor's Degree), Magna Cum Laude, University of Rouen, France.|
Most mathematical models introduced in the life and social sciences literature that describe inherently spatial phenomena of interacting populations consist of systems of ordinary differential equations.
These models, however, leave out any spatial structure or stochastic component, two factors that have been identified as key factors in how communities are shaped.
The aim of my research is to understand the role of space and stochasticity in a wide variety of applied sciences: ecology, epidemiology, population genetics, opinion dynamics, cultural dynamics, evolutionary game theory, and economics, through the mathematical analysis of stochastic processes known as interacting particle systems.
In these models, members of the population (particles) such as atoms, cells, plants or agents, are located on the set of vertices of a connected graph.
The latter has to be thought of as a network of interactions that dictates the dynamics of the system as particles interact only locally with their neighbors, thus modeling the presence of a spatial structure.
The main objective of research in this area is to understand the macroscopic behavior and spatial patterns that emerge from the microscopic interactions that describe the local dynamics of large systems.
Space in this context must be understood in a broad sense: an edge between two vertices of the underlying graph may be synonymous of geographic proximity, but also friendship relation, adherence to the same political party, etc.
Impact in mathematics and applied sciences -
The field of interacting particle systems is simultaneously one of the most challenging topics of probability theory and a popular modeling tool in applied sciences.
From the point of view of mathematics, the tradition is to establish analytical results about simple existing models, while from the point of view of applied sciences, the emphasis is on the development of realistic models and predictions based on numerical simulations, whereas it is known from past research that spatial simulations are difficult to interpret and might lead to erroneous conclusions.
My research is a combination of these two aspects.
The challenge is to introduce models that are both mathematically tractable and able to capture the essence of biological, sociological and economical systems through fundamentally new mathematical features, as opposed to straightforward generalizations of existing models including a large number of parameters that are artificially complex.
Interestingly, while this approach is highly motivated by applied sciences, it also gives rise to problems which, regardless of their applications, are important mathematically, and to challenging proofs that usually consists of subtle combinations of measure theory, probability theory (percolation, random walks, large deviations), graph theory, combinatorics and geometry.